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50 Fun Facts About Hawaii + Free Hawaiian Trivia Printable

Are you homeschooling and want to teach your kids about Hawaii? Or are you doing some research and want to know more about our 50th state? Scroll to find out 50 fun facts about Hawaii that are sure to blow your mind!
This fun facts about Hawaii post was written by Hawaii travel expert Marcie Cheung and contains affiliate links which means if you purchase something from one of my affiliate links, I may earn a small commission that goes back into maintaining this blog.

When you hear the word “Hawaii,” you probably immediately think of Waikiki Beach, surfing on the North Shore, Hawaiian volcanoes, and luaus.

But, how much do you really know about the Hawaiian islands?

Hawaii has such an incredible history that most tourists don’t know about, even when they spend a week or two exploring the islands.

And there are so many interesting facts about Hawaii for kids that might blow their minds!

So, I’ve come up with 50 fun facts about our 50th state. Plus, if you scroll all the way down, you can get a free Hawaii trivia printable so you can quiz your friends!

Ok, let’s learn some Hawaii facts and trivia!

Also read: Frequently Asked Hawaii Questions

50 Fun Facts About Hawaii

1. Hawaii is made up of 132 different islands

While there are 132 different Hawaiian islands and 124 islets, shoals, and reefs, the 8 main Hawaiian islands are Oahu, Maui, Kauai, Big Island (aka Hawaii Island), Molokai, Lanai, Niihau, and Kaho’olawe.

2. There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet

When traveling to Hawaii for the first time, some of the street names are super long and can be a bit overwhelming. And GPS always pronounces them incorrectly.

So, it’s kind of fascinating that while some of the words are really long, the Hawaiian language actually only has 12 letters. This is one of the coolest Hawaii fun facts for kids.

Vowels: A, E, I, O, U
Consonants: H, K, L, M, N, P, W

For the longer words, it’s usually best to break them up into smaller words to make them easier to pronounce the first time. Pretty soon, they will start rolling off your tongue.

3. Hawaii is the second widest state in the U.S.

Most people don’t realize that the way the Hawaiian Islands are situated makes them the second widest state in the United States. That’s one of the best Hawaii fun facts!

One of the coolest Hawaii fun facts is that it's actually the second widest state. Image is a Hawaii state map.

It’s 1,523 miles between Niihau and the Big Island. The widest state is Alaska, which spans 2,700 miles.

4. Hawaii became the 50th State on August 20th, 1959

On July 4th, 1894, the Republic of Hawaii was established and Sanford Dole (cousin of Dole Plantation’s founder James Dole) became the Republic’s first president.

President William McKinley annexed Hawaii in 1898 and it remained a U.S. territory until it became a state nearly 60 years later.

It’s the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. It’s also one of the smallest states.

5. Iolani Palace is the only royal palace in the United States

One of the most fascinating facts on Hawaii for kids is that Hawaii is one of the few states that was originally an independent nation.

It was ruled by Hawaiian kings and queens (called ali’i) until 1893 when the monarchy was overthrown.

One of the most interesting facts on Hawaii is that it's the only state that has a royal palace. Image of the Royal Seal on a gate to Iolani Palace on Oahu.
Royal Seal on a gate to Iolani Palace. Photo credit: Hawaii Tourism Authority (HTA) / Tor Johnson

Iolani Palace was built in 1882 by King David Kalakaua and was the home of Hawaii’s last reigning king and queen.

It was registered as a National Historic Landmark in 1962 and today it’s one of the best historic sites in Hawaii to learn about the Hawaiian monarchy.

They offer some pretty cool tours and they have restored Iolani Palace to its former glory. And they’ve even tracked down furniture and items that were taken/sold a hundred years ago.

6. Hawaiian Monarchy was illegally overthrown by the United States

Back in 1887, the United States began leasing Pearl Harbor to use as a military base. During this time, a group of non-Hawaiians formed the Hawaiian Patriotic League and decided to launch the Rebellion of 1887 against the Hawaiian monarchy.

That led to the Bayonet Constitution, where King Kalakaua was forced to sign a new constitution to allow non-Hawaiians in his cabinet (or face execution) and greatly diminish his own power.

Of course, this provided a lot of political tension between the King and his new cabinet members. So, there was the Wilcox Rebellion of 1888 which was a plot to overthrow King Kalakaua and replace him with his sister, Princess Liliuokalani.

King Kalakaua died in 1891 due to health issues and Princess Liliuokalani became Queen.

A group of non-Hawaiian men in her cabinet formed The Committee of Public Safety and they executed a military coup to overthrow the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1893.

Image of a statue of Queen Liliuokalani in Hawaii
Queen Liliuokalani statue.

This with the help of American diplomat John L. Stevens and President Harrison’s Secretary of State John W. Foster. They sent in Marines to support the military coup and force Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate her throne.

Later, Princess Kaiulani (Hawaii’s last princess) went to Washington D.C. to speak out against the overthrow and even met with President Grover Cleveland, who was in favor of restoring the monarchy.

However, his successor, President William McKinley didn’t agree. He was fighting the Spanish-American War and saw Hawaii as a strategic location. So, he annexed Hawaii in 1898.

In 1993, the United States government finally apologized for overthrowing Hawaii’s monarchy. This act gave a kick-start to the Hawaiian sovereignty movement led by Native Hawaiians.

7. Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world

While most people consider Mount Everest to be the tallest mountain in the world at 29,032 feet. But, that’s only the case if you don’t measure from the base of the ocean.

Another of the most interesting facts on Hawaii is that Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world. Image of Mauna Kea Observatory Hawaii taken in 2015.
Mauna Kea Observatory

Mauna Kea (on the Big Island) is 33,496 feet tall from the top of the mountain all the way down to the ocean floor.

That’s one of the most interesting facts on Hawaii!

8. Hawaii produces only 2% of the world’s pineapple supply

Pineapple is what Hawaii is known for and back in the day, there were tons of pineapple plantations across the major islands.

Image of a pineapple in a pineapple field in Maui.
Pineapple at Maui Gold Plantation. Photo credit: Marcie Cheung

Today, there are only 2 commercial pineapple plantations left in Hawaii: Dole Plantation and Maui Gold Plantation.

That’s because it’s cheaper to produce pineapple in other countries. But, you can still buy Hawaii-grown pineapple all over Hawaii and it’s the only fresh produce you can bring back home to the Mainland from Hawaii.

9. The Big Island grows about 42 acres each year

The Big Island is the youngest Hawaiian island and it’s constantly growing.

The Big Island grows 42 acres each year because of volcanic eruptions. Isn't that a crazy Hawaii fact? Image of tourists taking photo of flowing lava from Kilauea volcano around Hawaii volcanoes national park, USA.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on the Big Island.

That’s because the Kilauea volcano has been actively erupting for the past 30 years. Each time it erupts, it spills into the ocean. And it adds up to about 42 acres of new land each year.

I think that’s one of the coolest facts about Hawaii Volcanoes National Park!

10. Each island is represented by a particular flower

Another fun fact about Hawaii is that each Hawaiian island is associated with a particular flower

Hawaiian Island Flowers

  • Oahu: Ilima
  • Kauai: Mokihana Berry
  • Maui: Lokelani
  • Big Island: Lehua Ohia
  • Molokai: White Kukui Blossom
  • Lanai: Kaunaoa
  • Kaho’olawe: Hinahina
  • Niihau: Pupu Shell

11. Each Hawaiian island also has a designated color

In addition to a flower, the eight major island also have a color. You’ll see these colors in parades to represent the islands.

I think this is one of the most fun facts about Hawaii for kids!

Hawaiian Island Colors:

  • Oahu: Yellow
  • Kauai: Purple
  • Maui: Pink
  • Big Island: Red
  • Molokai: Green
  • Lanai: Orange
  • Kaho’olawe: Grey
  • Niihau: White

12. Only 7,400 people live on Molokai

If you’re looking to get away from crowds, Molokai’s population hovers around 7,400 people. It’s really easy to plan a Maui to Moloka’i day trip to explore this island.

One of the craziest Hawaii facts is that only 7,200 people live on Molokai! Image of the coastline of Molokai in Hawaii.
Molokai coastline.

And Molokai isn’t even the smallest. Even fewer people live on the neighboring island of Lanai.

13. Molokai wins 3 records for natural wonders

Molokai is home to the world’s highest sea cliffs, Hawaii’s longest waterfall, and the largest white sand beach in Hawaii.

These are just a few reasons to add Molokai to your travel bucket list!

14. Kilauea is the world’s most active volcano

While Hawaii is home to many amazing volcanoes, the most famous is Kilauea because it’s the best place to see lava in Hawaii.

It erupted continuously from 1983 to 2018 and most recently erupted in October 2021.

You can experience the glory of Kilauea with a trip to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.

15. Haleakala Crater is the world’s largest dormant volcano

While Kilauea is the world’s most active volcano, Haleakala on Maui is the world’s biggest inactive volcano.

One of the coolest fun facts about Hawaii is that Haleakala is the world's largest dormant volcano. Image of Haleakala Crater on Maui.
Haleakala Crater on Maui.

This huge volcano is responsible for forming 75% of the island of Maui. It’s 10,023 feet tall and the inside of the crater is about 7.5 miles by 2.5 miles.

But, most of the volcano is actually below the surface of the ocean. It’s about 30,000 feet tall from the bottom of the ocean to its highest peak.

Haleakala last erupted in the late 1700s. Today, people head to Haleakala Crater to see the best sunrise in Maui and to go hiking.

This is just one of many fun facts about Maui.

16. Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee commercially

One of the best things to drink in Hawaii is the famous Kona coffee from the Big Island. But, there are actually also coffee farms on Kauai, Maui, and Oahu.

One of the best fun facts about Hawaii is that they are the only state that grows coffee to sell commercially. Image of a bunch of coffee beans.

That’s because Hawaii has the perfect tropical climate for growing coffee. Plus, it’s got rich soil.

Hawaii is also the only U.S. state that commercially grows vanilla beans and cacao.

17. The first Asian American in the United States Senate was from Hawaii

Hiram Fong was the son of Chinese immigrants who came to Hawaii to work the sugar cane plantations.

He fought for Hawaii to become a state and in 1959, he was elected to the U.S. Senate.

Fong is actually the only Republican who has ever served as a Senator from Hawaii.

18. The Big Island has 10 of the world’s 14 climate zones

Many people assume that all of Hawaii is a tropical paradise. But, it actually has a more diverse climate than people realize.

Head to Akaka Falls to experience a rainforest and Hapuna Beach Park for a hot desert.

And yes, sometimes it even snows up at Mauna Kea!

19. Macadamia nuts aren’t from Hawaii

Go to any souvenir shop in Hawaii and you’ll find boxes of chocolate-covered macadamia nuts.

But, one of the weird facts about Hawaii I recently learned is that the Hawaiian macadamia nut is actually Australian.

One of the most interesting facts about Hawaii is that macadamia nuts aren't native to Hawaii. Image of macadamia nut growing on branch, Hilo, Big Island.
Hawaiian macadamia nut growing on a branch. Photo credit: Hawaii Tourism Authority (HTA) / Tor Johnson

It came to Hawaii in the 1920s, where it soon became a harvest crop.

Of course, nowadays you’ll see macadamia nuts in lots of Hawaiian and Pan-Pacific cuisine across the islands.

20. Gambling is illegal in Hawaii

One of the craziest facts about Hawaii is that it’s illegal to gamble there. Hawaii and Utah are the only U.S. states that have banned gambling.

So, don’t expect to head to a casino in Hawaii. And you can’t even gamble on cruise ships in Hawaii. Hawaii doesn’t even have a lottery.

But that doesn’t mean Hawaii residents don’t like gambling. They just have to fly to the Mainland to do it.

There’s a reason why locals call Las Vegas Hawaii’s “9th island!”

21. No building on Kauai can be taller than a palm tree

I think that one of the most interesting facts about Kauai is something I learned as a kid. By law, no building can be taller than a palm tree, which is about 4 stories tall.

One of the coolest facts about Hawaii for kids is that no building on Kauai can be taller than a palm tree. Image of Sunrise with palm trees in Salt Pond Beach Park on Kauai, Hawaii
Salt Pond Beach Park on Kauai

But because of this law, Kauai has remained a true paradise that isn’t over-run by skyscrapers.

In addition, Kauai doesn’t have a freeway and the maximum speed limit is just 50 MPH.

22. Molokai doesn’t have any traffic lights

While we’ve already mentioned that Molokai only has about 7,400 residents, it’s even more laid back than people realize.

There isn’t a single traffic light on Molokai.

But that’s because it’s not really needed. With so few people and cars on the road, traffic is minimal.

23. Mount Waialeale is one of the wettest places on Earth

One of the coolest Kauai fun facts is that it’s home to one of the wettest places on Earth: Mount Waialeale.

One of the best facts about Hawaii for kids is that Mount Waialeale known as the wettest spot on Earth, Kauai, Hawaii. Image of Mt. Waialeale Falls on Kauai.
Mt. Waialeale Falls on Kauai.

It rains about 373 inches each year. And one year, it even had 683 inches of rain!

It’s no wonder why Kauai is called the “Garden Isle” and is known for its lush greenery.

24. Hawaii has lost more wildlife species than any other state

One of the scariest facts about Hawaii is that about 70% of the native birds are now extinct. And the rest of Hawaii’s birds are in danger of becoming extinct in the future.

Additionally, Hawaii has more endangered species than any other U.S. state.

25. Snakes are outlawed in Hawaii

One of the most amazing facts about Hawaii is that it’s illegal to bring in a snake. That’s to protect the native birds in jeopardy of becoming endangered.

They take it so seriously that people found smuggling snakes face 3 years in jail and fines up to $200,000.

They do have snakes in some of the zoos, but otherwise, it’s the perfect place to go if you are afraid of snakes!

26. There are only two native Hawaii mammals

Hawaii is full of all kinds of amazing animals, like rabbits, deer, dolphins, and whales.

Poipu Beach is a great place to see sea turtles and monk seals, plus it's a popular snorkeling on Kauai spot. Image of a monk seal on the beach.
Monk Seal on Kauai.

But there are actually only two mammals that are native to the islands. These are the Hawaiian Monk Seal and the Hoary Bat.

27. Billboards are outlawed

One of the reasons Hawaii feels like an escape from life is that you won’t be bombarded by billboards everywhere you go.

In fact, Hawaii was the first state to ban billboards. Alaska, Maine, and Vermont have since banned them as well.

Because they are outlawed, residents and visitors can enjoy the gorgeous scenic drives in Hawaii.

28. Hawaii is the only state that is not geographically located in North America

One of the most mind-boggling fun Hawaii facts is that while Hawaii is part of the U.S., it’s not technically part of North America.

In fact, Hawaii is 2,000 miles away from the Mainland.

Hawaii is actually located in Polynesia, which is part of Oceania.

29. Hula was originally only performed by men

In ancient Hawaii, hula kahiko was a religious dance performed by highly trained men who learned it from the Hawaiian god Laka.

Another fun fact about Hawaii is that women weren't allowed to dance hula originally. Image of a woman hula dancing on Kauai.
Hula dancing on Kauai. Photo credit: Hawaii Tourism Authority (HTA) / Tor Johnson

Later on, women were allowed to learn the dance as well.

30. Only people with Hawaiian ancestry are considered to be Hawaiians

One of the most interesting Hawaii facts that sets it apart from other states is how to refer to the people living there.

While people living in Washington are called Washingtonians and people who live in California are called Californians, only people with Hawaiian blood can be called Hawaiians. They are the only ones with true Hawaiian ancestry.

People who were born and raised in Hawaii are called “locals.” And people who move to Hawaii are called “Hawaii residents.”

31. The Yellow Hibiscus is the Hawaiian state flower

While many people associate Hawaii with the fragrant plumeria flower, the state flower is the yellow hibiscus.

Hawaii's state flower is the Yellow Hibiscus. Image of a Yellow Hibiscus blooming in the garden
Yellow Hibiscus.

What’s funny is that no one specified that it was the yellow hibiscus until 1988, so you’ll see pictures of the red hibiscus in things produced before then.

32. Hawaii has the longest life expectancy in all of the U.S.

One of the most cool facts about Hawaii is that people live longer in Hawaii than they do in any other state.

As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Hawaii is 81.15 years. California, New York, and several other states trail behind at 80 years.

Just one more reason to move to the Aloha State!

33. Hawaii has its own time zone

No matter where you travel from, you’ll have to change the time on your watch. That’s because Hawaii has its own time zone: Hawaiian Standard Time.

Image of a clock in some grass
You’ll have to change your watch when you land in Hawaii.

Oh, and they don’t follow Daylight Savings Time, so you’ll have to consider that when trying to figure out the time difference.

Hawaiian Standard Time runs 2-3 hours behind Pacific Standard Time and 5-6 hours behind Eastern Standard Time.

34. There are no racial/ethnic majorities in Hawaii

Another of the most interesting facts about Hawaii is that everyone there is a minority. And many people who live in Hawaii are more than race.

Here’s a breakdown from the census in 2019:

  • Caucasians (aka Haoles): 25.5%
  • Asian: 37.6%
  • Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander: 10.1%
  • Two or more races: 24.2%
  • Hispanic or Latino: 10.7%
  • African-American: 2.5%

Hawaii is one of the best examples of a melting pot of cultures here in the United States.

35. Aloha means both hello and goodbye

The Hawaiian language is pretty rich but the most recognizable Hawaiian word is “aloha.”

This term means hello and goodbye. It also means love.

It’s definitely a word you should know before planning a trip to Hawaii!

36. Hawaii has 2 official state sports

The official state sports of Hawaii are surfing and outrigger canoe paddling. Hawaii picked surfing as the official state individual sport in 1998. Outrigger canoe paddling has been Hawaii’s official team sport since 1986.

Surfing is one of the official state sports of Hawaii. Image of a surfer riding barrels of the Banzai Pipeline, a very popular pro-surf spot at the Northshore region of O’ahu.
Surfing at Bonzai Pipeline on Oahu.

You can see both sports at many of the beaches in Hawaii.

37. The Dole Plantation is home to the world’s largest pineapple maze

For a kid-friendly thing to do on Oahu, head to the second largest attraction in Hawaii: Dole Plantation.

Image of the front of Dole Plantation in Hawaii
Dole Plantation on Oahu

Here, you can ride a little train around the property, learn about pineapple, and even taste Dole Whip.

But, you’ll definitely want to try your luck at their famous pineapple maze that stretches more than 3 acres. It’s the largest in the world.

There’s even a scavenger hunt for kids and families can find a mystery in the center of the maze.

38. State nickname: Aloha State

It’s easy to embrace the “Aloha Spirit” when you are traveling in Hawaii. It’s all about love, respect, and working together.

Hawaii got the nickname of the “Aloha State” when it became a state in 1959.

One of the fun facts about Hawaii is that there are no private beaches. Image of the word Aloha written in the sand.
All the beaches in Hawaii are open to the public.

39. All beaches are public in Hawaii

One of the best things about Hawaii is pretty much every beach in Hawaii is a public beach. The only exceptions are government-only beaches.

That means tourists and residents are able to enjoy all the beaches in Hawaii, including ones in front of hotels and resorts.

40. Hawaii is the only state to honor a monarch

Since Hawaii is home to the only royal palace in the United States, it shouldn’t be a surprise that it’s also the only state to honor a monarch.

Each year on June 11, Hawaii celebrates King Kamehameha Day. He’s most famous for uniting all the islands in Hawaii in 1810 (although he technically didn’t conquer Kauai.)

41. Niihau is home to Hawaii’s largest lake

While you may not think of Hawaii as having lakes, it does! Halulu Lake is the largest natural lake in Hawaii.

It’s about 182 acres during the rainy season (and then shrinks a lot during the dry season.)

However, don’t expect to see it in person. Niihau is a private island that isn’t open to tourists.

42. Surfing was invented in Hawaii

Hawaiians invented surfing hundreds of years ago and it’s played a big part in their culture.

One of the best fun facts about Hawaii for kids is that surfing was invented in Hawaii. Image of two women learning to surf on the beach in Hawaii.
Learning to surf in Hawaii.

The most famous surfer in the world was Duke Kahanamoku, who won an Olympic gold medal for swimming in 1912.

In addition to surfing, some even claim that stand-up paddling (SUP) was also started in Hawaii decades ago by beach boys in Waikiki.

43. Hawaii was the first U.S. state to ban plastic bags

Hawaii banned the use of plastic bags in July 2015. Some of the other islands had banned them even earlier.

But, they were the first state to do this.

So, if you go shopping in Hawaii, bring your own bags with you.

44. You can mail a coconut from Hawaii

If you really want to impress your kids, tell them they can mail a real coconut home to their friends or family. Seriously.

Image of a coconut painted with a hula dancer and someone playing the ukulele
Paint and mail a coconut from Hawaii. Photo credit: Marcie Cheung

Just find a dried out unhusked coconut and have your kids customize it with paint, write a message and address on it, and then mail it at the post office.

If you don’t want to find and decorate one yourself, you can always find one at gift shops, some hotels, and even some restaurants.

It’s a really unique thing to do in Hawaii!

45. Hawaii is the only U.S. state with two official languages

While English is by far the most common language spoken in Hawaii, the other official language is Hawaiian.

There are even some Hawaiian language immersion schools across Hawaii where kids learn to speak and write Hawaiian fluently.

There’s also an “unofficial” language called Pidgin. It’s sort of like slang that incorporates words from several different cultures.

46. Hawaii has vog

While other places around the U.S. are polluted with smog, Hawaii isn’t. However, there is volcanic ash from Kilauea on the Big Island that creates vog that sometimes sweeps over to other islands.

For the most part, it’s not really dangerous. But, it can be uncomfortable for people with respiratory issues like asthma.

But there’s a silver lining! Just like smog, vog can lead to some really gorgeous Hawaiian sunsets with all kinds of colors.

47. People don’t wear shoes inside

It’s a local custom to always remove shoes before entering someone’s home. It’s a sign of respect.

One of the coolest Hawaii culture facts is that people always remove their shoes before going in a house. Image of 4 pairs of flip flops on a blue deck.
A row of colorful flip flops on old weathered blue painted beach decking. Space for copy.

That’s why you’ll see piles of rubber slippers (aka flip-flops) outside the doors at most houses.

Many tourists also practice removing shoes before entering their vacation rental homes.

48. The Hawaii state fish is the Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa

This is one of the longest words in the Hawaiian language and it’s actually pretty descriptive. It means “trigger fish with a snout like a pig.” That’s a pretty good visual, right?

Image of a small tropical fish swimming around coral
Hawaii’s state fish.

People love to say that the name is almost as long as the fish! That’s because this fish usually only grows to be about 10 inches long.

Don’t expect to try any Humuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa at restaurants in Hawaii. It’s not really something people eat.

49. The Big Island is actually the southernmost part of the United States

While Key West, Florida likes to claim it’s the southernmost part of the U.S., it’s actually only true for the continental U.S.

In fact, South Point on the Big Island holds the title as the southernmost point in the entire United States of America.

50. Oahu has the world’s largest wind generator

One of the weirdest facts about Hawaii is that the world’s largest wind generator is located on Oahu.

It’s located at the top of a 20 story tower and the blades of the windmill are 400 feet long!

Hawaii started researching wind power back in the 1980s and as of 2015, 6.4% of Hawaii’s electricity is produced by wind turbines.

Free Hawaiian Trivia Printable

It’s always fun to make it a game, right? That’s why I created this Hawaii trivia game for families to play together and quiz each other on awesome Hawaiian trivia.

And don’t worry, you’ll get both Hawaii trivia questions and answers.

Hawaii Fun Facts Wrap Up

Now you know some amazing Hawaii facts for kids and adults! I hope you learned some new trivia about Hawaii that you didn’t already know.

If you loved these 50 facts about Hawaii, share them on social media!

Love these fun facts for kids about Hawaii and want to learn more about the Hawaiian islands? Find out the biggest Hawaii mistakes tourists make, coolest facts about Oahu, pineapple facts for kids, and the best Hawaii fruit!